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Russian Trucks Overview
All drawings © o5m6 2015. All rights reserved.
No publication in any form without the author's written permission.

Last Updated: August 30, 2015

ZIS-42M(odernized)

ZIS-42M with battery underneath the cab, 3(!) additional fuel tanks attached to the frame and non-openable cargo sides


ZiS-42(M), 2.5-ton Halftrack, Cargo and Prime Mover
Inspired by similar German and French designs, Russian halftrack development started in the late 30s, resulting in the somehow crude looking GAZ-60 and ZiS-22 halftracks, both based on civilian wheeled trucks.

In 1942, ZiS combined the ZiS-5V with an improved halftrack suspension and called it ZiS-42, according to the year of production start. With a stronger 76 hp engine and a frontal brushguard protection, the vehicle received the »M« suffix for »modified«.

Of both types, almost 6,000 were produced until 1945, with one prototype, the armoured ZIS-43, even carrying the domestic 37mm 61-K AT gun.

Underpowered and with a tremendous fuel consumption, the ZiS-42(M) wasn't the definite solution for the notorious bad road conditions, but instead it was a valuable stopgap until the arrival of the Lend-Lease all-wheel-drive trucks.

Red Army sapper welding rocket launcher rails with a PARM-like ZIS-42 in the back

ZIS-42 : openable cargo sides, narrow panels on wooden cab, no brushguard

ZIS-42 with early wooden cab and cargo body,
no brushguard and directional tread front tires

ZIS-42M with late wooden cab and cargo body,
brushguard and non-directional front tires

Towing a limbered 122mm M-30 howitzer thru Zagreb (Agram) in spring 1945

Hauling a 37mm 61-K AA gun over treelogs, Western Dvina 1944

Hauling a 85mm 51-K AA gun thru post-war Kiev, Nov 1946

Note wooden standard sledge attached to front wheels on snow and soft ground

Early ZIS-42 lined at the frosty "Zavod Imeni Stalin", Moscow

Hauling the M-30 while passing a disabled T-60

Note wooden standard sledge attached to front wheels on snow and soft ground

Taking a ride on a N2P-32 pontoon ferry

Unconventional transport of a BMK-70 boat

All drawings © o5m6 2015. All rights reserved.
No publication in any form without the author's written permission.

Last Updated: August 30, 2015

Russian Trucks Overview
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